In London on Aug 15, the Merchant Navy Association will be holding its annual Malta convoy service at All Hallows Church by the Tower Church, and running until Sept 8 is a special Operation Pedestal convoy exhibition on the headquarters ship Wellington, moored on the London Embankment near Temple tube station.
In the summer of 1942, the situation on Malta was now desperate. Food was in very short supply and there were only little stocks of fuel for the RAF aircraft and the Royal Navy submarines.
In London, it was decided that a large convoy of 14 cargo ships was to be mounted that August. It was designated Operation Pedestal. Included among the ships was a tanker, the Ohio, 9,514grt, of the Texas Co, of New York, and on July 10, the Ohio was transferred by the US to the Ministry of War Transport and placed under the management of the Eagle Oil & Shipping Co of London. A large escort of Royal Navy warships was organised.
Only five of the 14 cargo ships, the Brisbane Star, Melbourne Star, Ohio, Port Chalmers, Melbourne Star and the Rochester Castle, reached Malta but they brought in some 32,000 tons of food and supplies as well as the cargo on the Ohio.